Article VI – The law is the expression of the general will. The Declaration of the Rights of Man was drafted over a period of 6 days between August 20th and August 26th, 1789 by the National Assembly of France. Article 11 – Free communication of ideas and opinions is one of the most precious human rights; all citizens may therefore speak, write and print freely, though they may be required to answer for abusing this right in cases specified by law. These contributions are to be borne by the citizens equally according to their resources. It was not until the 1940’s that the rights of “active citizens” were granted to women.). Equality before the law was to replace the system of privileges that characterized the old regime. [28] Condorcet declared that "he who votes against the right of another, whatever the religion, color, or sex of that other, has henceforth abjured his own". Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The sources of the Declaration included the major thinkers of the French Enlightenment, such as Montesquieu, who had urged the separation of powers, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who wrote of general will—the concept that the state represents the general will of the citizens.

The Declaration of the Rights of Woman and of the Female Citizen follows the seventeen articles of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen point for point and has been described by Camille Naish as "almost a parody... of the original document".

Anything which is not forbidden by the law cannot be impeded, and no one can be constrained to do what it does not order. First Article, Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. (This article was specifically designed to do away with the social, and economic, benefits that came with being born into a specific class. These rights are liberty, property, safety and resistance against oppression. [12], The declaration defines a single set of individual and collective rights for all men.

All the citizens, being equal in its eyes, are equally admissible to all public dignities, places, and employments, according to their capacity and without distinction other than that of their virtues and of their talents. A committee of some 40 deputies was appointed to decide on the declaration’s final form.

The club of reactionary colonial proprietors meeting since July 1789 were opposed to representation in the Assemblée of France's overseas dominions, for fear "that this would expose delicate colonial issues to the hazards of debate in the Assembly", as Robin Blackburn expressed it (Blackburn, The Overthrow of Colonial Slavery, 1776–1848 [1988:174f]); see also the speech of, United States Declaration of Independence, Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen of 1793, Declaration of the Rights of Woman and of the Female Citizen, Women's Petition to the National Assembly, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Proclamation of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen of Franchimont, "Belgian" Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, "Batavian" Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, "Women's Petition to the National Assembly", "The Decreta of León of 1188 – The oldest documentary manifestation of the European parliamentary system", "Versión española de los Decreta de León de 1188", Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, "Déclaration des Droits de l'Homme et du Citoyen de 1789", "Declaration of human and civic rights of 26 August 1789", Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany, Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick, Frederick Louis, Prince of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen, François Alexandre Frédéric, duc de la Rochefoucauld-Liancourt, Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau, Alexandre-Théodore-Victor, comte de Lameth, Louis Michel le Peletier de Saint-Fargeau, List of people associated with the French Revolution, United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights, List of places named for the Marquis de Lafayette, Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms (1775), "Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness", Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom, 1777 draft and 1786 passage, Co-author, Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen (1789), Jefferson manuscript collection at the Massachusetts Historical Society, Member, Virginia Committee of Correspondence, Thomas Jefferson Center for the Protection of Free Expression, Thomas Jefferson Star for Foreign Service, Washington and Jefferson National Forests, Drafted, 1769 Virginia Association resolutions, Primary author, 1776 Virginia Declaration of Rights, Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness, Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen (1789, France), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Declaration_of_the_Rights_of_Man_and_of_the_Citizen&oldid=988113020, All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from November 2014, Articles needing additional references from August 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.