It's not clear exactly how many people are affected by fibromyalgia, although research has suggested it could be a relatively common condition. People suffering from fibromyalgia can experience a whole variety of digestive problems, including bloating, excess wind, stomach pain, diarrhoea and constipation. Indispensable to the proper functioning of the body, the trace elements are missing in the case of an unbalanced diet. Apple cider vinegar helps balance the body’s pH levels, reduce oxidative stress, and improve circulation. Resistance and strengthening exercises are those that focus on strength training, such as lifting weights. Patient information from BMJ. What are the best foods to eat during winter? The central nervous system (brain, spinal cord and nerves) transmits information all over your body through a network of specialised cells. Try the treatments your doctor offers and discuss which ones are helpful. Some estimates suggest nearly 1 in 20 people may be affected by fibromyalgia to some degree. Read more about treating insomnia for information on good sleeping techniques and medicines to help you sleep. As well as having a number of physical symptoms associated with it, fibromyalgia is also linked to several emotional symptoms, including stress and anxiety. Here are some of the main factors thought to contribute to the condition: One of the main theories is that people with fibromyalgia have developed changes in the way the central nervous system processes the pain messages carried around the body. If your symptoms are really bad, you may feel that you have to stop working. Next review due August 2022. They boost the levels of certain chemicals that carry messages to and from the brain, known as neurotransmitters. Some people say certain types, such as duloxetine, help relieve pain and other symptoms.

They can relieve pain and improve sleep for some people. Make sure your bedroom is dark, quiet and a comfortable temperature. Stress and unhappiness can make fibromyalgia pain feel worse – addressing what’s making you feel that way could help. Relaxation techniques, such as yoga, tai chi, meditation, and deep breathing, can be of great help in controlling the symptoms of fibromyalgia.

Your awareness of the pain and tiredness may increase if you have fewer things to focus on.

A number of healthcare professionals often have training in CBT, so you may not have to see a psychologist. Not only will it help with tiredness and fatigue, it may also improve your pain.

In many cases, fibromyalgia can be diagnosed and treated by your GP, without the need to see a specialist.

A review of a number of studies found that aerobic exercises may improve quality of life and relieve pain. These drugs are designed to take the edge off less severe pain or to combat flare ups. It’s possible that experiencing a traumatic event such as a car crash or serious illness might trigger the start of fibromyalgia, although there isn’t strong evidence to confirm this yet. They can show you how something as simple as improving your posture can help your pain. //--> There is evidence that long-term use of opioids may actually increase your pain because your body can build up a tolerance to them. Take the Test to find out... You are visitor number If you have any questions about fibromyalgia, call the charity's helpline on 0300 999 3333.

Additionally, anxiety can cause muscle tension, resulting in tenderness and pain. The exact cause of fibromyalgia is unknown, but it's thought to be related to abnormal levels of certain chemicals in the brain and changes in the way the central nervous system (brain, spinal cord and nerves) processes pain messages carried around the body.

fitforwork.org, updated March 2018, Benefits of working. Tramadol is a controlled drug only available on prescription for short-term flare-ups.

It helps to challenge negative thoughts, feelings and behaviours, and how you manage pain. These results are based on low quality evidence. While some people can fall straight asleep as soon as their head touches the pillow, for others this is a distant dream. In 2011, Canadian researchers at York University found that 75 minutes of yoga classes twice a week for eight weeks helped increase cortisol levels in women participants with fibromyalgia, reducing pain.