For example, as Lord Chancellor, More proclaimed the opinion of the English universities as favorable to the king’s annulment. In late 1504 or early 1505, More married Joan Colt, the eldest daughter of an Essex gentleman farmer. Omissions? "[112], Jonathan Swift, an Anglican, wrote that More was "a person of the greatest virtue this kingdom ever produced".

Perhaps more than any other courtier of Henry’s reign, More embodied the searching, troubled spirit of the early 16th century. It mattered to London shopkeepers, and to great churchmen.

[39] Peter Ackroyd also lists claims from Foxe's Book of Martyrs and other post-Reformation sources that More "tied heretics to a tree in his Chelsea garden and whipped them", that "he watched as 'newe men' were put upon the rack in the Tower and tortured until they confessed", and that "he was personally responsible for the burning of several of the 'brethren' in Smithfield. [57] Despite this, his refusal to attend was widely interpreted as a snub against Anne, and Henry took action against him. He thereafter avoided any hint of criticism of Church authority. Certainly Henry wanted More’s support. The description of Utopia is put in the mouth of a mysterious traveler, Raphael Hythloday, in support of his argument that communism is the only cure against egoism in private and public life. His enemies had enough evidence to have the King arrest him on treason.

In early 1534, More was accused by Thomas Cromwell of having given advice and counsel to the "Holy Maid of Kent," Elizabeth Barton, a nun who had prophesied that the king had ruined his soul and would come to a quick end for having divorced Queen Catherine. That was the beginning of Thomas More’s public career, and it was a telling one. The queen had suffered a series of miscarriages throughout their marriage; their only surviving child was the Princess Mary. I know not his fellow. He was a lawyer, humanist, statesman and author as well as advisor to Henry VIII. Studying under Thomas Linacre and William Grocyn, he became proficient in both Latin and Greek. Contemporary historians attribute the unflattering portraits of Richard III in both works to both authors' allegiance to the reigning Tudor dynasty that wrested the throne from Richard III in the Wars of the Roses.

[W]e’ve all given in! Thomas More put the integrity of his faith ahead of place, prestige, and the greatness of the king. Confronting Luther confirmed More's theological conservatism. [21]:299–306 Moynahan has shown that More was influential in the burning of Tyndale, as More's agents had long pursued him, even though this took place over a year after his own death. The street in which it is situated was formerly called Nightingale Lane, a corruption of "Knighten Guild", derived from the original owners of the land. St Dunstan's Church, an Anglican parish church in Canterbury, possesses More's head, rescued by his daughter Margaret Roper, whose family lived in Canterbury down across the street from their parish church. More’s beginnings, however, hardly predicted his spectacular career. As secretary and personal adviser to King Henry VIII, More became increasingly influential: welcoming foreign diplomats, drafting official documents, and serving as a liaison between the King and Lord Chancellor Wolsey. Pope Pius XI canonised More in 1935 as a martyr. If for More scatology normally expresses a communal disapproval, for Luther, it expresses a deep personal rage."[106]. More is thought to have written History of King Richard III (in Latin and in English) between 1513 and 1518. Sir Thomas More (7 February 1478 – 6 July 1535), venerated in the Catholic Church as Saint Thomas More, was an English lawyer, social philosopher, author, statesman, and noted Renaissance humanist.He also served Henry VIII as Lord High Chancellor of England from October 1529 to May 1532. If, however, the subject lives a life of great extravagance, tell him he, too, can afford to give largely, the proof of his opulence being evident in his expenditure.” And while this reasoning worked to replenish the royal treasury for Henry VII, it also provided the second Tudor king with a chance to curry popular favor when he – in one of his first acts as Henry VIII – imprisoned and later executed Edmund Dudley and Richard Empson, who were Morton’s (and his father’s) tax collectors.

In 1504 More was elected to Parliament to represent Great Yarmouth, and in 1510 began representing London. He moved into the Carthusian monastery adjoining Lincoln’s Inn and participated in the monks’ way of life as much as he could, while still pursuing his legal career. "[40] Richard Marius records a similar claim, which tells about James Bainham, and writes that "the story Foxe told of Bainham's whipping and racking at More's hands is universally doubted today". It should be noted that More’s affinity for the monastic life never left him, despite his later marriages, family, and career. After Wolsey fell, More succeeded to the office of Lord Chancellor in 1529. More became Master of Requests in 1514,[31] the same year in which he was appointed as a Privy Counsellor.

He dispatched cases with unprecedented rapidity.

Why must you stand out?”.

In Robert Bolt’s play, , More says to a 15th-century version of Matt Schlapp: “It profits a man nothing to give his soul for the whole world, but for Wales?”. He sent envoys. And so, when More returned from a diplomatic mission to France in summer 1527, the king laid the open Bible before his favorite councilor. [21]:230 Writing under the pseudonym of Gulielmus Rosseus,[32] More tells Luther that: His saying is followed with a kind of apology to his readers, while Luther possibly never apologized for his sayings.

[11], As the conflict over supremacy between the Papacy and the King reached its apogee, More continued to remain steadfast in supporting the supremacy of the Pope as Successor of Peter over that of the King of England. 1529 in Carroll, Gerald L. and Joseph B. Murray. [53] Cardinal John Fisher and some other clergy refused to sign. Rather, he felt that he could be more effective in the city itself, not closeted away amongst the nobles and councilors of Henry’s court.

The History is a Renaissance biography, remarkable more for its literary skill and adherence to classical precepts than for its historical accuracy. Erasmus wrote his Praise of Folly while staying there. Though never finished, it influenced succeeding historians. When More served Mass, he would leave by the door just to the left of it. [25], More married Jane Colt in 1505. Its influence upon William Shakespeare’s Richard III is immense. If the great Sir Thomas More believed the king’s marriage to be unlawful, why, it must be so! [43] Burning at the stake had been a standard punishment for heresy, though only thirty burnings had taken place in the entire century before More's elevation to Chancellor, and burning continued to be used by both Catholics and Protestants during the religious upheaval of the following decades. The script has since been published and has had several productions.[125][126].

If the great Sir Thomas More believed the king’s marriage to be unlawful, why, it must be so! But that was exceptional. [93] This was long in the custody of the community of Augustinian canonesses who until 1983 lived at the convent at Abbotskerswell Priory, Devon. Aaron Zelman's non-fiction book The State Versus the People includes a comparison of Utopia with Plato's Republic. His work at Bruges and, later, Calais, as well as his continuing duties as undersheriff in London, were clear evidence of his skill and popularity. We do not know.

The oath reads:[63]. [20]:xxi, More continued ascetic practices for the rest of his life, such as wearing a hair shirt next to his skin and occasionally engaging in flagellation. More's best known and most controversial work, Utopia, is a frame narrative written in Latin. It is the latest shot fired in the cultural civil. I. by Jonathan Swift: Ch. And today, who remembers any of them? Wolsey, for all his brilliance and cunning, could not compete with that influence. In the Responsio, More defended papal supremacy, the sacraments, and other Church traditions. Morton’s tax philosophy was a marvel of inescapable logic: “If the subject is seen to live frugally, tell him because he is clearly a money saver of great ability, he can afford to give generously to the King. "[109] Upon learning of More's execution, Emperor Charles V said: "Had we been master of such a servant, we would rather have lost the best city of our dominions than such a worthy councillor. Thomas More, in full Sir Thomas More, also called Saint Thomas More, (born February 7, 1478, London, England—died July 6, 1535, London; canonized May 19, 1935; feast day June 22), English humanist and statesman, chancellor of England (1529–32), who was beheaded for refusing to accept King Henry VIII as head of the Church of England. "[110] G. K. Chesterton, a Roman Catholic convert from the Church of England, predicted More "may come to be counted the greatest Englishman, or at least the greatest historical character in English history.